A serious disease that can be controlled if you are aware of it in time.

Thailand is one of 14 countries where tuberculosis is associated. In Thailand, there are as many as 119,000 new and recurring tuberculosis cases. In which patients registered to treat tuberculosis, there are patients who have recurred as well. For this reason, tuberculosis is a very scary world ever.

Tuberculosis is a disease caused by bacteria called tuberculosis. Microbacteria Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis, if the bacteria attach to any part of the body Then the bacteria multiply. As a result, the body is unable to protect itself. Thus, tuberculosis was born.

Risk factors for tuberculosis

  • weak immune system or AIDS
  • Chemotherapy to treat cancer
  • use of certain substances, such as smoking
  • sharing needles
  • alcoholism

In most cases, the most frequently infected area of TB is found in the lungs. However, TB infection can also spread to other parts of the body. whether it's a bone Lymph nodes and brain, these etc.

The transmission of tuberculosis can be transmitted through coughing, sneezing, when droplets of phlegm from the patient are dispersed into the air. Thus, if normal people get these infections, they will become tuberculosis as well. But tuberculosis can also die when exposed to ultraviolet radiation.

The symptoms of tuberculosis can be divided into two phases.

If the patient has been infected with tuberculosis At first there are no symptoms. Because the infection has not been stimulated, but there is still infection in the body.

It is during this period that the TB bacteria will provoke symptoms such as a chronic cough. coughing up blood, chest pain or pain when breathing, or coughing, tiredness, fever, chills night sweats, weight loss, and appetite loss.

For how to treat tuberculosis can be done by taking medication. Such as isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide should be taken regularly. However, if the patient has drug resistance symptoms Doctors need to use other drugs along with the treatment to be effective. such as streptomycin Streptomycin and levofloxacin (Levofloxacin)

To treat TB, doctors use drugs that have serious side effects. and will be toxic to the liver For this reason, in the treatment, the doctor will closely observe the patient's symptoms. If the patient has nausea, vomiting and decreased appetite or have difficulty breathing and had a fever for several days in a row have problems with vision or pale yellow skin and unusually dark urine Patients should see a doctor for the next treatment.

Tuberculosis prevention can be done in a variety of ways, such as TB vaccination. Avoid close contact with TB patients. Avoid being in crowded areas. Wear a mask when going in public. and should have an annual health check-up X-rays of the lungs should be done at least once a year.

Tuberculosis, although it is a terrible disease, but we can only prevent it by following the methods above. Only by this we can be far away from tuberculosis. If you suspect that you are in a risk group, you should seek immediate medical attention for further diagnosis.